How (and Why) to Brine a Turkey Before Roasting

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I love Thanksgiving and how it gives us a day together as a family to pause and reflect on all the things we’re thankful for each year. In fact, it’s not long into the Fall before I start thinking about Thanksgiving and start working on my meal plan for the big day.

I don’t start this far in advance just because I’m into planning (ok, maybe I am a little) but also because I want to have time to brine my turkey before roasting it.

If you’ve never heard of brining a turkey or skipped this step in the past, make this the year to try it! This one simple step makes the traditional turkey meal at least twice as delicious.

Why Brine a Turkey Before Roasting?

Brining involves soaking a turkey in a salt and liquid solution for at least a day prior to roasting, grilling, or frying. Brining adds flavor and moisture and helps the turkey retain flavor during cooking.

This is especially helpful if you use a pastured organic turkey from a local farm (more on that below) since they are not pre-brined like a conventional store-bought turkeys. (With a soy vegetable protein solution … no thank you!)

Brining takes a little planning ahead but really very little hands-on time, and the result is so worth it!

Ingredients for Brining a Turkey

The essential elements of brining a turkey are:

  • Liquid of some kind: Water works but I like to add apple cider and bone broth for added flavor.
  • Salt: The common amount is 1/2 to 3/4 of a cup per gallon of water. I personally like to use 2 gallons of liquid and 1.5 cups of salt.
  • Spices: Add any spices of choice. I like to add minced garlic, cracked pepper, and thyme. I also like to add two lemons and one orange, both zested and sliced.

You can customize these elements to suit your own taste and in a pinch, just use water, salt and any spices you like.

How to Make Turkey Perfect (By Giving It a Bath!)

Great news … it takes less effort to brine a turkey than to roast one! It’s the truth!

In fact brining makes the roasting process faster and results in a juicy, moist turkey with a whole lot of flavor … not like the dry, bland turkey so many of us grew up eating at holidays.

There are several ways to accomplish the practical steps of brining but the main thing is to use a big enough air-tight container that maintains a cold enough temperature. The two ways I have accomplished this are:

  1. In a large stock pot in the fridge – This only works if you have room in the fridge, and I often don’t this close to Thanksgiving. The best and easiest way I’ve ever done this was the year I did have room in the fridge and I put a frozen turkey in the brine in the fridge two days before Thanksgiving in a 5-gallon food grade bucket. It defrosted and brined in those two days and the results were great.
  2. In a large cooler with replenished ice – A little more work refilling with ice but gives the same results if you don’t have fridge space. Basically, put the turkey in a large air-tight bag or container of some kind and pack ice around it. Check it to make sure that it is maintaining a temperature above freezing but below 40 degrees.

The other great thing about brining is that you can do this if you have only a day or two until Thanksgiving and haven’t defrosted the turkey yet. The brine can defrost the turkey more quickly and infuse flavor as it does.

My Favorite Turkey Brine Recipe

This is my go-to recipe and the one I am prepping for this year…

How to Brine a Turkey (and Why You Should)



Yield 2 gallons

Make this simple and flavorful brine for your turkey this year and be amazed at how much flavor and moisture it adds to the finished meal!


  • 1 gallon of warm water
  • 1.5 cups of salt
  • 3 quarts apple cider
  • 1 quart bone broth (or more apple cider)
  • 6 sprigs of thyme or 1 tablespoon dried
  • 8 cloves of garlic minced
  • 2 lemons, zest and slice
  • 1 orange, zest and slice
  • 1 teaspoon whole cloves, optional


  1. Dissolve the salt in the warm water.
  2. Add the apple cider, broth, thyme, garlic, lemons and orange and stir to combine.
  3. Place the turkey in whatever container you will use for brining (stockpot, 5-gallon bucket, or bag) and add brine.
  4. Cover or seal tightly and leave at least 24 hours but no more than 48 before your planned cook time. TIP: Place breast side down and make sure brine is touching all sides, if possible.
  5. Before cooking, rinse well and pat dry. I recommend rubbing skin with butter and adding spices before roasting.
  6. TIP: Roast breast side down and stuff with 1 apple, 1 lemon, 1 orange and 1 onion (all quartered). I roast uncovered at 450 for 45 minutes and then cover and reduce to 325 until done.

where to find organic and free range turkeys for thanksgiving

Where to Find Organic Free Range Turkeys

I’ve gotten a lot of questions asking the best place to find organic, free-range turkeys for Thanksgiving. There are several options and I’m listing them in order of my preference:

Find a Local One from a Farmer

This is by far my favorite option and what we do whenever possible. The only problem is that it is often difficult to find a farmer with truly free range turkeys and they often have already pre-sold them by this time of year. Also, most farmers ask customers to pre-order in the spring when they hatch the turkeys so for most, it is too late to buy one. If you can find one this way, it is definitely preferable though.

Buy One From a Local Grocery Store

If you can’t get one from a local farmer  in your area, sometimes regular grocery stores carry them. I’ve seen a couple here at different times, though the prices can sometimes be incredibly high. This is probably the second easiest option if your store has them. The only caution here is that many organic turkeys labeled organic have just been fed organic feed but are not truly free range. Still a better option, but no where near the nutrients of truly free range turkeys.

Order One Online

I have done this in the past from companies I trust and have been impressed with them. Butcher Box occasionally has some great quality turkeys and U.S. Wellness Meats currently has some in stock as well.

Are you excited for Thanksgiving this year? Have you ever brined your turkey? Share your favorite recipes or Thanksgiving memories below!


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